4553 - 4796 FINE ARTS - PHOTOGRAPHS
- Album lvs. foxed and sl. wrinkled. Lacks frontcover and backstrip.
= Most photographers identified (i.a. W.S. Hobson, W. Muller, F.S. Schwabe, Rooper Leventhorpe, R. Murray and G. Mahon), occas. w. remark "prize picture". Contains striking images, i.a. English landscapes and people, but also a few exotic scenes (i.a. "Indian view with Natives" and "Kaffir Women") and a very nice and rare "ghost photograph" by W.S. Hobson. SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE LIII.
= Incl. family snapshots in the Netherlands (i.a. Bilthoven and Prattenburg) and images of i.a. Spain (Barcelona), Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro (partly signed "T. Preising" in the plate).
- Foxed. Covers wrinkled; spine sl. sunned.
= Practically consisting of 2 parts: Italy (as well as a few views of France, Monaco and Switzerland) and Holland. Both contents and lettering on binding upside down compared to each other (thus both parts start at the beginning when the album is flipped over). Contains images of i.a. Genova, Florence, Pisa, Monte Carlo (the casino), Bologna, Milan, Lake Como, Delft, The Hague, Scheveningen, Haarlem, Marken, people in traditional costume (partly handcol.) and works of art.
= Dutch family album, containing holiday trips to Italy (i.a. Venice) and Germany and Austria (i.a. Nürnberg, Ulm, Wurzburg, Salzburg). Also containing images of scouting activities in the Netherlands.
= Contains several images of the World Exhibitions of Antwerp (1885 and 1894) and Paris (1900), as well as general scenes in Belgium (i.a. Brussels, Liège, Ostende, Blankenberge, Namur, Waterloo), Germany (i.a. Koblenz, Bonn, Wiesbaden, Bingen, Mainz), France (i.a. Toulouse, Lyon, Lourdes) and Switzerland (Geneva and Bern). Also contains ±50 lithogr. views publ. by Glaser & Garte (Leipsic).
- Empty, without photographs; a few lvs. sl. dam. and occas. w. names in ballpoint. Trifle rubbed along extremities.
= Protest against the to-be-built nuclear power plant near Cuxhaven, Germany.
= This 2nd Palmer House, built in 1871, was replaced in 1923-25 by the 3rd Palmer House, which is still operated as a hotel.
- First photograph foxed in upper half, otherwise photographs in fine condition. Album sl. worn along extremities.
= Interesting and very rare album (possibly never published) with views in and around Kansas City. Nothing could be traced on the photographer, who clearly was very well versed in his art. Many of the photographs have occas. added abbreviations in the same neat hand below image. The images include many industrial plants, railway stations and bridges, but also some picturesque views, i.a. "General Yards. Grand Central Station", "Independence, Mo. Station of the "air line"", "Paper Mill. K.C. Sub. Belt. Ry. [= Kansas City Suburban Belt Railway]", "Second and Main Sts. K.C. Sub. Belt. Ry.", "Fourth Street Viaduct. The U. Ter. Ry. [= The Union Terminal Railway]", "Packing houses. The U. Ter. Ry.", "Mo. Pacific and Union Pacific Rys' Bridge. The U.Ter.Ry", "Some pens of cattle, Kansas City Stockyards. The U. Ter. Ry." and "Siloam Springs, Ark. Reflections. K.C., P. & G.R.R [= Kansas City, Pittsburgh and Gulf Railroad]". SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE LIV.
= A fascinating archive that shows the important role that the wealthy Dutch coffee merchant Jan de Goeijen played in the development of Arkansas, by financially supporting the construction of the railway line from Kansas City to Port Arthur. An important impetus for the opening and development of Arkansas came from the entrepreneur Arthur Stilwell, who had become rich as a life-insurance seller. He was the founder of the Kansas City Southern Railway and of Port Arthur. In his desire to provide a practical and fast shipping route for the produce of Arkansas farmers to the rest of America he envisioned a railway connection between Kansas City and Port Arthur. This grand scheme was on its way to be materialized when several disasters struck that thwarted progress: the Panic of 1896 with the resulting fall of share prices, a hurricane that caused much damage and several lawsuits and the breaking out of yellow fever. W.T. BLOCK, in his article "The Dutch Migration To Nederland, Texas, 1895-1915" gives an interesting account of the Stilwell/ De Goeijen project as well as of some of the other Dutch entrepreneurs and farmers involved in Stilwell's activities:
"Stilwell must be remembered as the man who, when stymied in his efforts to build Kansas City Southern trackage (hereinafter abbreviated K. C. S.) to the sea, dug an eight-mile ship canal and carried the sea to the rails at Port Arthur. When likewise stymied for domestic capital during the panic of 1893-1895, Stilwell turned to Amsterdam bankers, and raised the $10,000,000 needed to bring the K. C. S. rails south from Siloam Springs, Arkansas - hence the appellation "Dutch-American railroad."
As a result of one of his famed 'hunches,' Stilwell envisioned a thriving community of Dutch rice farmers on the coastal plain north of Port Arthur, of which he said:
Again my thoughts turned to Holland, and I decided that as we owed a debt of gratitude to the Dutch people for their faithful support of the Kansas City Southern, here was a chance to repay a part of it, to say nothing of the fact that the people of that country make exceptionally capable farmers. So I founded a town and called it Nederland, and instructed my emissaries to make a drive on the country districts of Holland to entice a good class of citizens to the newly-organized community. We housed them in a large hotel (Orange Hotel) especially erected for that purpose and gave them good accommodations at reasonable rates. As soon as they could buy their property and build their homes, we could bring over another delegation and put it through the same process...
When the flow of domestic capital slowed to a trickle in 1893, Stilwell recalled a Dutch acquaintance, Jan de Geoijen [sic], a coffee merchant of Amsterdam, whom Stilwell had met on a trans-Atlantic crossing. He rushed to Holland and upon enlisting de Geoijen (phonetically anglicized to "deQueen") as his Holland agent, managed to unload $3,000,000 of the railroad's securities in twenty-seven minutes. Thereafter Dutch investors and workers were granted a large voice in the management and operation of Stilwell's company.
By 1897, after K. C. S. trackage had reached Port Arthur, Dutch natives were employed at all levels. H. Visscher, an Amsterdam accountant sent over to examine the railroad's books, remained in Kansas City as the company's treasurer. In Port Arthur, the firm organized a number of subsidiaries, including Port Arthur Townsite and Land Company, with M. R. Bos as its first immigrant manager; Port Arthur Canal and Dock Company; and Port Arthur Rice and Irrigation, which also operated the Port Arthur Experimental Farm.
H. H. Beels, a Dutch immigrant railroad builder on the Great Plains, became resident engineer for Port Arthur's canal project. Jacques Tutein-Nolthenius became a trustee of the townsite company and vice president of another K. C. S. affiliate, the Missouri, Kansas, Texas Trust Company of Kansas City. Nolthenius was also right-of-way buyer for the railroad. W. I. Vandenbosch became the railroad's emigration agent, commissioned to recruit Hollanders who had earlier settled in Iowa and Michigan. L. Zylekins was Port Arthur's first depot agent.
Jan van Tyen arrived in Port Arthur as Holland's consul and de Geoijen's personal emissary, became manager of Port Arthur Land Company and Holland-Texas Hypotheek Bank, amassing quite a fortune in the course of his lifetime. His business associate, E. J. Everwijn-Lange was another early and prominent Port Arthuran, who later returned to Holland. A. J. M. Vylsteke, Holland's first vice-consul and agent for Joseph dePoorter Steamship Line, was one of Port Arthur's first citizens, living in a tent on the townsite before it was surveyed. By 1903, Port Arthur's Dutch immigrant population was estimated at 150 persons. In November, 1897, the Herald stated: "...Port Arthur is a new opening and the shrewd Hollanders are quick to take advantage of it..."
Stilwell's south Jefferson County land holdings came into existence on October 15, 1895, when he purchased 41,850 acres of land from Beaumont Pasture Company at $6.75 an acre. On December 4 of that year, title was transferred to Port Arthur Land Company, Other than the railroad's right-of-way, 4,000 acres were reserved immediately and platted for the townsite of Port Arthur. That left approximately 37,000 acres, which were surplus, to be utilized for agriculture and other purposes.
That Stilwell prudently planned to assure the success of his Dutch colonization attempt, to include a church and school, is quite evident. That his project essentially failed is more attributable to the temperaments and eccentricities of particular immigrants, who were unaccustomed to American soil, climate, language, and folkways; to actions of his emigration agents; and to the failure of rice markets and other uncontrollable factors.
Vandenbosch made a number of trips to the Dutch colonies in Iowa and Michigan to recruit prospective settlers to the new colony. On one trip, he managed to induce eight Iowans to come to Texas and investigate conditions for resettlement. Texas Colonization Company of Iowa's advertisements in the Dutch-language newspapers expounded concerning the agricultural advantages to be found in Southeast Texas' soil and climate. During 1898 Bartle J. Dijksma, and immigrant horticulturalist at Port Arthur's experimental farm, painted rosy, prosaic pictographs of Nederland in Holland, Michigan's Dutch-language newspaper, De Grondwet.
One result of those early land promotions in the North was the arrival in May, 1897 of Gatze Jan (George) Rienstra, Nederland's first settler. On his initial visit, Rienstra expressed satisfaction with the site of the proposed colony, with Port Arthur's experimental farm and pleasure pier, and noted that his fellow Dutch immigrants, Port Arthur farmers J. Gautier and a Mr. Engelsman, were prospering. On his next trip, Rienstra left his kitchen stove, farm implements, and personal effects standing beside the railroad tracks at Nederland while he drove his wagon on to Port Arthur to purchase lumber.
In Holland, Jan de Geoijen employed J. E. Kroes, the former inspector of Netherlands-American Steamship Company, to screen prospective applicants and establish their suitability for resettlement. Emphasis was placed on the sturdy Dutch farmers of the provinces of North Holland, Friesland, Groningen, and Gelderland, among whom agents of Port Arthur Land Company circulated. Again, the picture most often painted was that of a 'Garden of Eden' in East Texas, rather than that of open pasture land which, as of 1897, had only one economic boon to warrant its habitation - the newly-laid railroad trackage. Tradesmen, clerks, shopkeepers, teachers, even pastors, were solicited as well, in order to stabilize the economic and social requirements of the planned community. When the first group of these settlers had liquidated their assets and prepared to travel, Albert Kuipers, a Dutch employee of the land company who had been recruiting in Holland, made arrangements at Antwerp to escort the first contingent of settlers to their new home in East Texas."
The first album shows the lay of the land around Port Arthur and contains prints of i.a. the main hotel "Hotel Sabine and Natatorium", the "Port Arthur Railroad Station", the "Export Warehouse - Port Arthur", "Lighters at Export Warehouse", "Steamer Drumelzier - of Liverpool 1st Steamer loaded at Port Arthur", "Steamer Leonora from Rotterdam", "Forty foot strip between Channel and Bayou", "Channel at Tauler's Bayou", "Revetments at Mesquite Point", "Buildings at the Experimental Farm", "Buildings at the Rice Farm", "Barn Machinery at the Rice Farm", "Hotel Nederland. Nederland. Texas" and "Nicaraguan Canal Excursionists at DeQuincy". The second album opens with the dedication to his father by John de Goeijen: "Voor mijn besten Vader, ter herinnering aan onze heerlijke reis van 29 Januari tot 9 mei 1927". The photographs (and the glass slides) chronicle the trip of the two men 25 years after the building of the K.C.S. railway and show steam-engins, Dutch acqaintances (i.a. "Beels"), "Station Amsterdam", "Familie C. van der Poel", "Gezicht op Lanagan vanaf station", several views of "Sulphur Springs" and "Sylvan Springs", "Station Stilwell", "Arkansas-river bridge", "Mr Metzger, travelling Engineer", "Hotel Mena te Mena", "Public library te Mena", "de Queen street in Mena", "Mena-beauties en heeren", "Reserve-machinist J. de Goeijen", "Station van der Voort", "Ontvangst aan station de Queen", "Cementfabriek de White Cliff links, restant van Vaders oorspronkelijke fabriek", "Roomsche kerk te Texarkana, gebouwd door Albert de Koning", "Nolthenius-Street in Texarkana", "Negertype te Shreveport", "Station Mansfield", "Station Zwolle", "Hoofdstraat van Zwolle", "Vader in stille bewondering", "Hoofdstraat in de Ridder", "Station de Quincy", "Station en Hoofdstraat van Nederland", "Station van Port Arthur", "de Queen boulevard Port Arthur", "Vroegere experimental-farm nu Griffin nursery" etc. The album also contains several photographs of the Panama Canal, worker's villages on banana plantations and "Chucum bali indianenhuizen". The Dutch names of the stations and towns have their origin in the role of De Goeijen as financier: he named these stations after his various family-members and his place of birth (Zwolle). The name of the village "De Queen" is the anglicized version of the name De Goeijen and was given to the town by Stilwell to immortalize him. Nowadays Jan de Goeijen is still a household name in the towns and villages along the line Kansas City-Port Arthur. SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE LIV.
- Backstrip of album dam. Contents fine.
= An attractive and rare collection of prints by unidentified photographers working for the Kansas City View Company. The photographs show scenes of the country-side along the railway, farmers on their land, people working the land, sawmills, town buildings, people at leasure, train bridges, the water works of an unidentified town etc. SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE LV.
Davison, E.J. (act. 1895-1905). "Sunlight Sketches in Missouri and Arkansas. Being photograps of Kansas City and along the Line of The Kansas City, Pittsburgh & Gulf R.R." Kansas City, n.publ., "June, 1895", letterpress title-p., 49 mounted albumen prints, various sizes, but mainly 16x20,5 cm., almost all w. caption in neat manuscript below image, orig. giltlettered burgundy hleather album, obl. sm. folio.
- Title-p. sl. (dust)stained in margins; first photograph foxed in upper half; some photographs sl. faded; mounts partly foxed. Corners sl. worn; spine-ends worn/ dam.
= Interesting and very rare album (possibly never published, no copy traced), with views in and around Kansas City. Nothing could be traced on the photographer, who clearly was very well versed in his art. Many of the photographs have occas. added abbreviations in the same neat hand below image. The images include many industrial plants, railway stations and bridges, but also some picturesque views, i.a. "General Yards. Grand Central Station", "Independence, Mo. Station of the "air line"", "Paper Mill. K.C. Sub. Belt. Ry. [= Kansas City Suburban Belt Railway]", "Second and Main Sts. K.C. Sub. Belt. Ry.", "Fourth Street Viaduct. The U. Ter. Ry. [= The Union Terminal Railway]", "Packing houses. The U. Ter. Ry.", "Mo. Pacific and Union Pacific Rys' Bridge. The U.Ter.Ry", "Some pens of cattle, Kansas City Stockyards. The U. Ter. Ry." and "Siloam Springs, Ark. Reflections. K.C., P. & G.R.R [= Kansas City, Pittsburgh and Gulf Railroad]".
- Backstrip of album worn/ rubbed. Contents fine.
= Contains 2 extra loosely inserted smaller photographs. An attractive and rare collection of prints by unidentified photographers working for the Kansas City View Company. The photographs show scenes of the country-side along the railway, railway bridges, orchards, workmen building a barn, rivers, railway tracks through forests and through rocky terrain, a farm building with farmers and farmhands, a street with houses under construction, a group of people resting at the end of the day near a small farmhouse, a small unidentified railway station, people gathered at the Siloam Springs, people boating on a lake etc. Together these prints provide a fine overview of life in rural Arkansas around 1900. SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE LV.
Idem. (Views along the railway running through Arkansas and Lousiana). Album containing 49 loosely inserted gelatin silver prints, all 19,5x24,5 cm., all w. "Kan.City View Co." (or "K.C. View Co.") in the plate, in contemp. hleather album, obl. sm. folio.
- Backstrip of album dam. Lacks backcover. Contents fine.
= An attractive and rare collection of prints by unidentified photographers working for the Kansas City View Company. The photographs show scenes of the country-side along the railway, farmers on their land, people working the land, sawmills, town buildings, people at leasure, train bridges, the water works of an unidentified town etc.
- First photograph sl. yellowed; library tickets (Erzherzogliche Bibliothek Schloss Wallsee) on upper pastedown/ first blank. Binding stained.
= Contains nice, lively views of i.a. Dam square, the Rokin, Amstel, Oude Schans and the Portuguese synagogue.
- One photograph with small rubbed spot.
= Two different shots of the same location (from a sl. different angle) during the preparations for a botanic exhibition.
ADDED: a col. lithogr. plan of the palace and a tinted lithograph depicting the Crystal Palace in London.
- Possibly lacks one photograph; a few mounts w. later pencil annots.
= Very interesting collection showing the state of the garbage disposal in the 1920's in Amsterdam. The first 25 photographs in the section "Hoe Amsterdam verontreinigd wordt" show the state of the city when its inhabitants do not follow the rules ("Een huisvrouw, wonende aan den Amstel stoort zich in haar schoonmaakwoede niet aan Art.24 A.P.V. en deponeert alles wat ze kwijt wil zijn op den openbare weg". The second section "Hoe de Hoofdstad gereinigd wordt" shows how the city is cleaned: "De gracht wordt gebaggerd".
- A few prints sl. dogeared; one print with one face cut out; one print w. small "1929" written on recto.
= Mainly lively group photos taken during dinners or fraternity evenings of either the Amsterdamsch Studentencorps (i.a. on Sarphatistraat 3) or Litterarisch Dispuutgezelschap B.E.E.T.S.; three photos show a group of first-year students in i.a. a rowing club room, all w. shaven heads; one group portrait shows couples at a fraternity ball.
AND 3 gelatin silver prints showing a rowing race (2x the Varsity), all w. stamp of the Nederlandsch Foto-Bureau "Polygoon" (Haarlem) on verso (each 17x23 cm., probably all 1920s).